I am Ankur. I am a student like most of you. In August 2018, I graduated in Law (B.A.Ll.B)
I did alright in my law college. Overall I was ranked one (5 years.)
In February 2018 (10th Semester) I started learning how to build a website and by March 2018, I built and made this website online.
I have spent more than a year building, improving and writing content for WritingLaw (many days working for more than 16 hours)
Currently my only job is working on this website.
Once I get a proper salaried job, I will work for some years (I have responsibilities). After that I will use my salary and hire a person (full time or if that is not possible then half-time) for website work.
I will also hire a professional developer for one time job and improve this website’s performance.
I will try everything to keep this website alive and ad-free.
WHO OWNS THIS WEBSITE
With the help of online articles and YouTube videos I learnt and built this website. I alone maintain it. I write for it. I typed all the bare acts (took months). I paid and pay for all website expenses.
So, in short this website is not owned, maintained, managed or updated by any group, partnership or company.
It is just me and motivational support or financial support from kind readers like you.
WHY I NEED YOUR HELP?
I am a student. I have limited resources.
Maintaining a website is extremely expensive and extremely time consuming. Plus I do not show ads. As a result I have no source of income.
In February 2018, I paid for all initial website costs using money I had saved in my initial college years.
In February 2019, I paid for all the website expenses using the saved money I had left and took rest from my father. (since I do not earn, technically every rupee that I have is from my father.)
In February 2020, I have to pay again.
These website costs will have to be paid each and every year. This is how website works.
By clicking here, you can read more about total expenses and how much people have contributed (date wise) and what I will do with the money you so kindly contribute.
“Hi, Thank You for doing this for your fellow students. I am grateful to you for this”
“No problem. You are doing great work”
Contributed some money using UPI and in remark section wrote
“For using your wonderful website and info”
“Liked your site. Good luck and nice work”
“You are doing great job. I am thrilled by watching the PDFs that you are providing. Keep up”
“This seems to be useful, I would like to donate and will do it shortly. Thank you for your efforts. As a student of Law, I am happy to have such good contents in such a good manner. Thank You”
“Thank you so much for your wonderful service to all of us. I hope you are able to cover your 2020 expenditure. Ever since I knew of this site, I have made it a point to pay some amount every time I use it. Hope you are happy and lead a good Life.”
“Dear Ankur Sir, You are really such a honest, hardworking, dedicated person towards your ambitions. The biggest proof is your website WritingLaw. I will be with you in your journey. Never give up in any situation. I wish you and bless you with all my heart.
Keep working brother. God bless you. Take care.”
–Adv Deepak Bade
WritingLaw has all important bare acts for Law Students. Plus now there are Law Notes, Articles, Colourful PDFs, Q&A, Exam Papers and even online practice tests.
WHY BARE ACTS ON WRITINGLAW ARE BEAUTIFUL?
● Bare acts have ‘SECTION BOX’ on top. Using this you can instantly go to a particular section. This will not load the page or take any time.
● Different colours have been used for Explanations, Exceptions, Case Names, Illustrations etc.
● Bare acts on WritingLaw are colourful, updated and systematic.
● But most importantly, bare acts have links to save your time.
For Example- Section 174A of IPC, has a mention of Section 82 of CrPC. Now many students while reading this section will not know what Section 82 of CrPC is. It will take time to find that section in a different bare act. I have given links for these sections right there. Clicking on it will instantly take you to that section in a new browser tab.
● PDF’s too are colourful and have section links to save your time.
(Useful for PT/MAINS)
Section 30: Minors admitted to the benefit of Partnership.
Who can be a partner?
With combined effect of section 2(c) and section 3, reference is made from section 10 of Indian Contract Act.
So any person of sound mind, major and not disqualified by law can be a partner.
1. Expert witness gives evidence of his opinion that is the ground on basis of which he has given his opinion.
Ordinary witness is a witness of fact and gives evidence of those facts which are under inquiry.
2. The expert supports his evidence by the experiments which has been performed by him in absence of opposite party.
Ordinary witness is available to opposite party for veracity.
1. Complaint is defined under section 2(d) of CrPC.
FIR is given under Section 154 of CrPC.
2. Complaint is an allegation which is made orally or in writing to a magistrate.
FIR is given to an officer in charge of a police station.
3. A complaint may relate to a cognizable offence or non-cognizable offence.
FIR is related to a cognizable offence.
1. A trial is always for an offence. An inquiry does not necessarily relate to only offences.
2. A trial ends in acquittal or conviction of an accused. An inquiry into a offence never ends in a conviction or acquittal.
3. Trial is the examination and determination of cause by a judicial tribunal. Inquiry includes every inquiry other than a trial conducted by magistrate or court.
1. An investigation is made by a police officer or by some person authorised by a magistrate. Inquiry is made by magistrate or court. Investigation is never made by magistrate or court.
2. The object of an investigation is to collect evidence for the prosecution of the case. The object of inquiry is to determine the truth or false of certain facts with a view to take in further action…
The concept of plea bargaining has been taken from USA. It was added in 2006. It is also one of the ways of ADR. (Alternative Dispute Resolution)
Who may apply for plea bargaining?
According to section 265B a person who is as accused of an offence may file an application for plea bargaining in the court in which such offence is pending for trial.
According to section 265C of CrPC, in working out a mutually satisfactory disposition, the court shall follow the following procedure.
When a case is instituted on a police report, the court shall issue notice to the public prosecutor, the P.O/I.O (police officer/investigating officer) who has investigated the case, the accused and the victim of the case to participate in the meeting to work our a satisfactory disposition of the case.
1. Offence where punishment is not more than 7 years.
2. The offence which are not against the women and children.
3. The offence which does not affect the socio-economic condition of the country.
The central government has determined the offences which are affecting the socio economic condition of country-
Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961
According to section 265B, a person who is as accused of an offence may file an application for plea bargaining in the court in which such offence is pending for trial.
The application will contain a brief description of the case and shall be accompanied by an affidavit. After receiving the application the court shall issue notice to the public prosecutor or the complainant of the case as the case may be and to the accused to appear on date fixed for the case…
(Chapter 12, Section 154-176)
Information → To Police
Investigation → By Police
Section 154 : FIR : This section has three objects-
1. To inform the magistrate of the district and the DSP who are responsible for the peace and safety of the district of the offences reported at the police station…
Cryptic (mysterious, confusing, mystifying, perplexing, puzzling, obscure) and ambiguous (open to debate/argument, arguable, debatable; obscure, unclear, imprecise, vague, abstruse, doubtful, dubious, uncertain) telephone message which do not clearly specify a cognizable offence cannot be treated as FIR.
But where there is proper information about the commission of a cognizable offence and is reduced in writing by police officer then it can be treated as FIR.
Here is a beautiful, colourful and very functional PDF having 100 short questions with answers which are extremely important for judiciary exams and many other law exams.
The questions and answers have links in them so that you can read that topic in detail if you want.
You can also take a free online test before or after reading these question and answers.
A retracted confession is a statement made by an accused person before the trial begins, by which he admits to have committed the offence, but which he repudiates (reject, disown, abandon, renounce, refuse to accept or be associated with) at the trial.
Evidentiary value of retracted confession.
It is unsafe to base the conviction on a retracted confession unless it is corroborated by trustworthy evidence.
It means any fact which without the intervention of any other fact proves the existence of a fact in issue.
A is tried for causing grievous hurt to B with a club. C deposes to the fact that he saw the accused, inflicting the blow, which caused the grievous hurt. The evidence adduced (mentioned, pointed out, cite as evidence) by C is direct evidence.