230. Agent cannot personally enforce, nor be bound by, contracts on behalf of principal.

In the absence of any contract to that effect, an agent cannot personally enforce contracts entered into by him on behalf of his principal, nor is he personally bound by them. 

Such a contract shall be presumed to exist in the following cases-
(1) where the contract is made by an agent for the sale or purchase of goods for a merchant resident abroad;
(2) where the agent does not disclose the name of his principal; and
(3) where the principal, though disclosed, cannot be sued.

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WritingLaw » Contract Act, 1872 » Section 230 Contract Act Law Study Material
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