188. Extent of agent’s authority. An agent, having an authority to do an act, has authority do every lawful thing which is necessary in order to do so such act. An agent having an authority to carry on a business, has authority to do every lawful thing necessary for theKEEP READING

190. When agent cannot delegate. An agent cannot lawful employ another to perform acts which he has expressly or impliedly undertaken to perform personally, unless by the ordinary custom of trade a sub-agent may, or, from the nature or agency, a sub-agent must, be employed. Read Contract Act in a systematicKEEP READING

191. “Sub-agent” defined. A “sub-agent” is a person employed by, and acting undue the control of, the original agent in the business of the agency. Read Contract Act in a systematic way. Read Contract Act each section wise. Download beautiful, mobile friendly Contract Act PDF.KEEP READING

192. Representation of principal by sub-agent properly appointed. Where a sub-agent is properly appointed, the principal is, so far as regards third persons, represented by the sub-agent, and is bound by and responsible for his acts, as if he were an agent originally appointed by the principal. Agent’s responsibility forKEEP READING

193. Agent’s responsibility for sub-agent appointed without authority. Where an agent, without having authority to do so, has appointed a person to act as a sub-agent stands towards such person in the relation of a principal to an agent, and is responsible for his act both to the principal andKEEP READING

194. Relation between principal and person duly appointed by agent to act in business of agency. When an agent, holding an express or implied authority to name another person to act for the principal in the business of the agency, has named another person accordingly, such person is not aKEEP READING

195. Agent’s duty in naming such person. In selecting such agent for his principal, an agent is bound to exercise the same amount of discretion as a man or ordinary prudence would exercise in his own case; and, if he does this, he is not responsible to the principal forKEEP READING

196. Right of person as to acts done for him without his authority, effect of ratification. Where acts are done by one person on behalf of another, but without his knowledge or authority, he may elect to ratify or to disown such acts. If he ratifies them, the same effectsKEEP READING

197. Ratification may be expressed or implied. Ratification may be expressed or may be implied in the conduct of the person on whose behalf the acts are done. Illustrations- (a) A, without authority, buys goods, for B. Afterwards B sells them to C on his own account; B’s conduct impliesKEEP READING

198. Knowledge requisite for valid ratification. No valid ratification can be made by a person whose knowledge of the facts of the case is materially defective. Read Contract Act in a systematic way. Read Contract Act each section wise. Download beautiful, mobile friendly Contract Act PDF.KEEP READING

199. Effect of ratifying unauthorized act forming part of a transaction. A person ratifying any unauthorized act done on his behalf ratifies the whole of the transaction of which such act formed a part. Read Contract Act in a systematic way. Read Contract Act each section wise. Download beautiful, mobileKEEP READING

200. Ratification of unauthorized act cannot injure third person. An act done by one person on behalf of another, without such other person’s authority, which, if done with authority, would have the effect of subjecting a third person to damages, or of terminating any right or interest of a thirdKEEP READING

202. Termination of Agency, where agent has an interest in subject-matter. Where the agent has himself an interest in the property which forms the subject-matter of the agency, the agency cannot, in the absence of an express contract, be terminated to the prejudice of such interest. Illustrations- (a) A, givesKEEP READING

203. When principal may revoke agent’s authority. The principal may, save as is otherwise provided by the last preceding section, revoke the authority given to his agent at any time before the authority has been exercised so as to bind the principal. Read Contract Act in a systematic way. ReadKEEP READING

204. Revocation where authority has been partly exercised. The principal cannot revoke the authority given to his agent after the authority has been partly exercised, so far as regards such acts and obligations as arise from acts already done in the agency. Illustrations- (a) A authorizes B to buy, 1,000KEEP READING

205. Compensation for revocation by principal, or renunciation by agent. Where there is an express or implied contract that the agency should be continued for any period of time, the principal must make compensation to the agent, or the agent to the principal, as the case may be, for anyKEEP READING