397. Calling for records to exercise powers of revision.

(1) The High Court or any Sessions Judge may call for and examine the record of any proceeding before any inferior Criminal Court situate within its or his local jurisdiction for the purpose of satisfying itself or himself as to the correctness, legality or propriety of any finding. Sentence or order, recorded or passed, and as to the regularity of any proceedings of such inferior Court, and may, when calling for such record, direct that the execution of any sentence or order be suspended, and if the accused is in confinement, that he be released on bail or on his own bond pending the examination of the record.

Explanation-
All Magistrates, whether Executive or Judicial, and whether exercising original or appellate jurisdiction, shall be deemed to be inferior to the Sessions Judge for the purposes of this sub-section and of section 398. 

(2) The powers of revision conferred by sub-section (1) shall not be exercised in relation to any interlocutory order passed in any appeal, inquiry, trial or other proceeding. 

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(3) If an application under this section has been made by any person either to the High Court or to the Sessions Judge, no further application by the same person shall be entertained by the other of them. 

Comments:
(i) When any revision in High Court is dismissed on the ground of limitation High Court can exercise power of revision suo moto under section 397;
Municipal Corporation of Delhi v. Girdhari Lal Sapru, AIR 1981

(ii) Where both Sessions Judge and High Court having concurrent powers, second revision would not be competent under section 397 (3);
Asghar Khan v. State of Uttar Pradesh, AIR 1981

Law Note: What is Revision under CrPC – Section 397 to 405

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