Answer: To understand the difference between Judge and Court of Justice, let us look at section 19 and section 20 of the Indian Penal Code. With proper observation, we find that the starting lines of the sections describe how broader the interpretation is.
Difference Between Judge and Court of Justice
Section 19 of IPC includes every person who is empowered by law to give a judgment, be it judicial authority or quasi-judicial authority.
(1) A collector is a judge if he is exercising jurisdiction in a civil suit.
(2) A Sarpanch who is a member of Panchayat is a judge.
Whereas in section 20 of IPC, the term court of justice includes a person who is empowered by law to act judicially alone and not otherwise.
A magistrate is a court of justice who is exercising jurisdiction in a criminal case, who has the power to give punishment.
The examples are not limited or confined. There can be many more positions or authorities which comes under section 19 and 20.