4. Communication when complete.

The communication of a proposal is complete when it becomes to the knowledge of the person to whom it is made. 

The communication of an acceptance is complete-
as against the proposer, when it is put in a course of transmission to him so at to be out of the power of the acceptor;
as against the acceptor, when it comes to the knowledge of the proposer. 

The communication of a revocation is complete-
as against the person who makes it, when it is put into a course of transmission to the person to whom it is made, so as to be out of the power of the person who makes it;
as against the person to whom it is made, when it comes to his knowledge.

Bare Acts

Illustrations-
(a) A proposes, by letter, to sell a house to B at a certain price.
The communication of the proposal is complete when B receives the letter.

(b) B accepts A’ s proposal by a letter sent by post.
The communication of the acceptance is complete-
as against A when the letter is posted;
as against B, when the letter is received by A.

(c) A revokes his proposal by telegram.
The revocation is complete as against A when the telegram is dispatched. It is complete as against B when B receives it.

B revokes his acceptance by telegram.
B’s revocation is complete as against B when the telegram is dispatched, and as against A when it reaches him.

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