These are the five must-know rights of all private sector employees in India guaranteed by various Indian laws:
1. Safe Work Environment
As per the various Labour Laws enacted in our country, it is the right of the employees to work in a safe environment. It is the duty of the employer to provide basic amenities like safe drinking water, proper washrooms and all the safety equipment required for working.
2. Protection From Sexual Harassment
Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition, and Redressal) Act, 2013 has been enacted by the government to prevent sexual harassment at workplaces.
The employer has to protect a working woman from any kind of sexual harassment and set up an internal complaint committee for addressing issues on sexual harassment. The Indian Penal Code, 1860 also penalises the offence of sexual harassment with imprisonment up to three years or fine, or both.
3. Minimum Wage
Article 23 of the Indian Constitution provides every citizen with a right against exploitation. Under this article, forced labour is prohibited, meaning that a worker cannot be forced to work against their will or below minimum wages.
Also, under the Indian legislation, the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 has been enacted prescribing minimum wages for different types of employment and different classes of workers in the same employment.
4. Equal Pay for Equal Work
As per section 5 of the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976, it has been stated that equal pay should be given for equal work, and there should not be any discrimination based on gender. Man and woman should be paid equally for similar nature of work.
5. Timely Payment of Salary
As per section 5 of the Payment of Wages Act, 1936, the salary must be paid to employees within a timely manner. If salary is not paid timely, employees can file a complaint before the Labour Commissioner to resolve the dispute.