Article 15(1) of the Constitution of India says that there should be no discrimination on the grounds of only religion, race, caste, sex and place of birth or any of them.
Article 15(2) further provides that the citizens, as well as the states, should not make such discrimination concerning access to shops, hotels, etc. and also to all places of public entertainment, wells, tanks, and more.
The provisions related to the transfer of cases are given under Chapter XXXI, from sections 406 to 411 of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973.
To secure a fair, honest and impartial trial, sometimes the transfer of a case becomes necessary. If an accused person believes (with a reasonable cause) that he may not receive a fair trial at the present court, he should be empowered with the right to have his case transferred to another court.
Along with the rights granted to the accused, some legal protection is available as well. Protection to the accused is provided with a view of human dignity that is given to every citizen. This short law note states the legal protection that is available to an accused under a criminal trial. And, these can be stated as:
1. Doctrine of double jeopardy.
2. Presumption of innocence.
3. Doctrine of self-incrimination.