What is Cooperative and Competitive Federalism

Cooperative federalism means that there should be a mechanism for coordination between the union and the states. Institutions like the national development council, finance commission, and zonal councils have promoted cooperative federalism.

Competitive federalism is a philosophy that promotes competition between the states and the union and between the state governments.KEEP READING

Role, Significance, and Functions of Governor

The governor is the head of the state. He is elected by the President of India and holds office at the pleasure of the President.

Governor acts as a bridge between union and state. He has to communicate the state’s aspiration to the union as an elder brother and brings issues of national significance at the state level like a postman.


Important Terms of Parliamentary System

There are some terms in our Indian Constitution, which need to be understood thoroughly to relate with the provisions in it. What purpose a provision is serving can only be acknowledged by a good understanding of some terms.

The parliament of India comprises of Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha, and the President. A law student must be well updated with the parliamentary proceedings and certain terms concerning the parliament.KEEP READING

Constitutional provisions on Centre State relations

1. Single Citizenship
2. The Centre Can Change the Name And Boundaries Of States
3. Single Unified Judiciary
4. Uniquely In Emergencies
5. Common All India Services
6. Inequality Of Representation In the Council of States
7. Appointment Of Governors
8. The Office Of Comptroller and Auditor General
9. Centralized Electoral Machinery
10. Financial Dependence Of StatesKEEP READING

Right to Life and Personal Liberty

Article 21: Protection of life and personal liberty! The legislature cannot deprive a person of the right to life and personal liberty even by making a law.

Hon’ble Supreme Court held that the protection of Article 21 is available not only against executive action but also against legislative.KEEP READING

Fifth Schedule of Constitution of India

Fifth Schedule: Article 244(1)

Provisions as to the Administration and Control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes


1. Interpretation: In this Schedule, unless the context otherwise requires, the expression “State” does not include the States of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.KEEP READING

Sixth Schedule of Constitution of India

Sixth Schedule

Article 244(2) and Article 275(1)

Download Sixth Schedule PDF (Better that this post)
(Source- legislative.gov.in)

There were amendments in 6th schedule by 101st amendment act in 2016. Please download the pdf for 101st amendment act here.KEEP READING

Seventh Schedule of Constitution of India

Seventh Schedule
(Article 246)
List I – Union List

1. Defence of India and every part thereof including preparation for defence and all such acts as may be conducive in times of war to its prosecution and after its termination to effective demobilisation.

2. Naval, military and air forces; any other armed forces of the Union.KEEP READING

Important Cases in India in Recent Times

Hadia Marriage Case.
Shafin Jahan vs. Ashokan.

Article 19 and Article 21 of the Indian Constitution were challenged. It was held that a person is free to profess any faith or change his faith. It was also said that the Right to choose a life partner is a Constitutional Right.KEEP READING

Ninth Schedule of Constitution of India

Ninth Schedule
(Article 31B)

1. The Bihar Land Reforms Act, 1950 (Bihar Act XXX of 1950).
2. The Bombay Tenancy and Agricultural Lands Act, 1948 (Bombay Act LXVII of 1948).
3. The Bombay Maleki Tenure Abolition Act, 1949 (Bombay Act LXI of 1949).
4. The Bombay Taluqdari Tenure Abolition Act, 1949 (Bombay Act LXII of 1949).KEEP READING

Tenth Schedule of Constitution of India

Tenth Schedule: Article 102(2) and Article 191(2)

Provisions as to disqualification on ground of defection.

1. Interpretation.
In this Schedule, unless the context otherwise requires,-
(a) “House” means either House of Parliament or the Legislative Assembly or, as the case may be, either House of the Legislature of a State;KEEP READING

11th Schedule-Constitution-of-India

Eleventh Schedule: (Article 243G)

1. Agriculture, including agricultural extension.
2. Land improvement, implementation of land reforms, land consolidation and soil conservation.
3. Minor irrigation, water management and watershed development.
4. Animal husbandry, dairying and poultry.
5. Fisheries.
6. Social forestry and farm forestry.KEEP READING