WHO IS AN INDIGENT PERSON?
Poor, Penniless, Pauper.
Order XXXIII of Civil Procedure Code provides remedy to those who need to institute a suit for enforcement of their rights but are so poor that they cannot afford expenses on court fee etc.
The object behind this order is that poverty should not come in way of getting justice.
In simple words the legislature cannot deprive a person from right to life and personal liberty even by making a law.
A person can only be deprived from his right to life and personal liberty by procedure which is established by law. (Death sentence while satisfying rarest of the rare case theory.)
Right to life does not mean only the animal existence.
The Indian nation is said to be federation with a unitary bias.
Part XI of the Indian Constitution that is article 245 to 263 deals with Centre State relations.
The financial relationship between the Centre and states is covered in Part XII of the Indian Constitution.
Article 280 deals with mandate provision for setting up Finance Commission.
The Constitution of India provides for an independent office of the CAG. He is the head of the Indian audit and accounts department. He is the guardian of the public purse and controls financial system of the country both at central level and state level.
He is one of the strongest wall of the democratic system like that of Supreme Court, Election Commission of India (ECA) and the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
CONSTITUTION OF INDIA PREAMBLE WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens: JUSTICE, social, economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to
PART II of CONSTITUTION CITIZENSHIP 5. Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution. At the commencement of this Constitution, every person who has his domicile in the territory of India and- (a) who was born in the territory of India; or (b) either of whose parents was born in the
PART III of CONSTITUTION FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS General 12. Definition. In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires, “the State’’ includes the Government and Parliament of India and the Government and the Legislature of each of the States and all local or other authorities within the territory of India or under
PART IV of CONSTITUTION DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY 36. Definition. In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires, ‘‘the State’’ has the same meaning as in Part III. 37. Application of the principles contained in this Part. The provisions contained in this Part shall not be enforceable by any