Extortion is defined in section 383, chapter XVII of the Indian Penal Code. It is an offence against property. To understand what amounts to extortion, certain essential elements are required to be fulfilled.
Any person who commits an offence of extortion shall be punished for imprisonment up to three years or fine or both. It is a cognizable and non-bailable offence.
A foreign judgment is a judgment that is adjudicated by a court not situated in the territory of India.
The judgment of a foreign court is equally enforceable like that of a judgment delivered by Indian courts. The foreign judgment binds the party in the same manner Indian court judgment does.
The governor is the head of the state. He is elected by the President of India and holds office at the pleasure of the President.
Governor acts as a bridge between union and state. He has to communicate the state’s aspiration to the union as an elder brother and brings issues of national significance at the state level like a postman.
The main issue of concern is whether a confession given to police officer is admissible or not, and what is the relevancy of confession given to police.
Section 25 of the Indian Evidence Act says that a confession made to a police officer is not admissible in the eyes of the law and cannot be proved against the person who made that confession.
The Indian nation is said to be federation with a unitary bias.
Part XI of the Indian Constitution that is article 245 to 263 deals with Centre State relations.
The financial relationship between the Centre and states is covered in Part XII of the Indian Constitution.
Article 280 deals with mandate provision for setting up Finance Commission.
Dower or Mahr is a sum of money that a husband pays to his wife on marriage. According to Mulla, “It is an obligation imposed upon the husband as a mark of respect to the wife.”
The concept of Dower worked as a sense of security to the wife. If in case husband abandons the wife or compels her to move out, the amount of Dower becomes the source of her livelihood.
Every court has its own jurisdiction to decide or conclude a case. Jurisdiction means that which court has the authority or power to decide a case.
Jurisdiction can be categorized into three heads. They are:-
1. Subject matter jurisdiction
2. Pecuniary jurisdiction
3. Territorial jurisdiction
The Union Public Service Commission of India is a constitutional body. The Constitution of India provides for the establishment of UPSC under Part XIV, from Articles 315 to 323. Look at,
Composition of UPSC,
Removal of Members of UPSC,
Independence of UPSC,
Functions of UPSC,
Role of UPSC.
Section 34 of the Indian Penal Code lays down the principle of joint criminal liability.
Common intention is a pre-arranged plan or prior meeting of minds before the commitment of the act. ‘Common’ means something which everyone has in the same proportion. Their object, motive, or target is common.