Powers of the President of India

The President is the first citizen and the head of the State. He has an important role in the country’s governance as the executive powers of the Union are vested in him.

President of India is a part of the Union Executive along with the Vice-President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, and Attorney-General of India.KEEP READING

Tort Law Note - Definition Characteristics Differences

A tort is not a crime. It is a civil wrong.

The word ‘tort’ is derived from the Latin word ‘tortum’ which means ‘to twist’. It, therefore, includes those acts which are not straight or lawful but are crooked or twisted. In English, it means ‘wrong’.

Law of tort has its origin in the common law of England. This branch of law consists of various ‘torts’ or wrongful acts whereby the wrongdoer violates some legal right vested in another person.KEEP READING

Punishments Under the Indian Penal Code

The punishments to which offenders are liable under the provisions of this Code are:

1. Death.
2. Imprisonment for life.
3. Deleted.
4. Imprisonment, which is of two descriptions, namely:
(1) Rigorous, that is, with hard labour;
(2) Simple.
5. Forfeiture of property.

Protection of Minorities

This law notes talks about Protection And Safeguard Of Minorities, Case Laws On Minorities Protection, Protection of Linguistic Minorities, and Sachar Committee Report.

The term minority simply refers to the class of people who are different from other sections of society in terms of language, script, religion, culture, and so on. They are less in number in the overall population; that is why there are referred to as minorities.KEEP READING

Composition, Aims and Objectives of Niti Aayog

In the year 2014, the government replaced the Planning Commission with a body called Niti Aayog. NITI stands for ‘National Institution for Transforming India.’

Niti Aayog is neither a constitutional body nor a statutory body but the outcome of an executive resolution. It was not created by the act of parliament.

The government was of the view that with the changing norms and structure of the Indian economy, it is necessary to take a step forward and modalise the organisations for better working in this competitive era.KEEP READING

Constitutional History

1. Regulating Act, 1773
2. Pitts India Act, 1784
3. Charter Act, 1813
4. Charter Act, 1833
5. Government of India Act, 1858
6. Indian Council Act, 1861
7. Indian Council Act, 1892
8. Act of 1909 (Minto Morley Reforms)
9. Act of 1919 (Montagu Chelmsford Reforms)
10. Government of India Act, 1935
11. Cripps Mission
12. Cabinet Mission Plan
13. Indian Independence Act, 1947KEEP READING

Right of Private Defence

In a general sense, defence means to protect from something. The right of private defence under the Indian Penal Code is a defence which a person exercises to protect one’s or other’s body and property.

The defence is available as a shield to protect and not to commute offence in the name of defence. This right is available to a person only when he has no other option than protecting himself or herself. It is not an absolute right. It also has some restrictions and limitations.KEEP READING

Dower in Muslim Law

Dower or Mahr is a sum of money that a husband pays to his wife on marriage. According to Mulla, “It is an obligation imposed upon the husband as a mark of respect to the wife.”

The concept of Dower worked as a sense of security to the wife. If in case husband abandons the wife or compels her to move out, the amount of Dower becomes the source of her livelihood.KEEP READING

What is Cooperative and Competitive Federalism

Cooperative federalism means that there should be a mechanism for coordination between the union and the states. Institutions like the national development council, finance commission, and zonal councils have promoted cooperative federalism.

Competitive federalism is a philosophy that promotes competition between the states and the union and between the state governments.KEEP READING

Guardianship Under Hindu Law

The provisions related to guardianship for Hindus are given under the Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, 1956.

This act provides as to who shall be the guardian, role of a guardian, and so on. In summary, it talks about guardianship among Hindu.

Section 6 of the Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act talks about the natural guardian.KEEP READING