Notable Cases related to Family Courts Act

In the article, we explore various sections of the Family Courts Act, 1984, shedding light on important legal cases and their implications.

These sections cover a wide range of topics related to family law, from the role of Family Courts in resolving disputes to the jurisdiction of civil courts.

Bare Act PDFs

Additionally, we touch upon alternative dispute resolution mechanisms, highlighting how they can be utilized in conjunction with the Act’s provisions. This comprehensive overview aims to provide readers with valuable insights into the legal landscape surrounding family matters in India.

Section 1

These are the cases related to section 1 of the Family Courts Act.

Komal S Padukone vs Principal Judge, Family Court, AIR 1999 Bang. 427

Many female litigants need help from others even to get to court. Such situations would make it more difficult and miserable for litigants if all parties were required to appear in person at each hearing date. To avoid causing the parties it hears cases from undue hardship, the Family Court should take a pragmatic and humanitarian approach to organising its business.

Sunil Hansraj Gupta vs Payal Sunil Gupta, AIR 1991 Bom. 423

When a woman and children cannot support themselves, it is essential to establish Family Courts as soon as possible to expand the jurisdiction and ensure that they can live as “human beings” in the truest sense.

Abdul Jaleel vs Shahida, AIR 2003 SC 2525

It is widely accepted that the jurisdiction of the courts explicitly established to settle specific types of disputes should be constructed broadly.

Section 3

Gangadharan vs State of Kerala, AIR 2006 SC 2360

Family Court might be moved around the local area from one location to another.

Section 7

Laxmi Kant Pandey vs UOI, AIR 1984 SC 469

Guardianship issues are also handled by the Family Courts. The Guardians and Wards Act of 1890 prohibits foreign parents from taking an Indian citizen’s child out of India unless the court has designated the foreign parent as the child’s guardian and has been given permission by the court to do so. Therefore, as of right now, the only way a foreign parent can adopt a child from India is to apply to the court where the child typically dwells to be named guardian of the person and given permission to take the child out of India and adopt it there under the laws of his own country.

P Srihari vs P Sukunda, II (2001) DMC (AP) 135

The Family Court lacks the authority to hear a case involving a property dispute between siblings, parents, mothers, or other relatives.

Smt. Rathna vs MP Ramachandra, I (1998) DMC (Kant.) 318

The authority to hear all lawsuits and actions, including a maintenance lawsuit or procedure, has been granted to the Family Court.

C Azaraiah vs The Judge, Family Courts, I (1998) DMC (AP) 313

The Family Court has the authority to hear cases involving claims for relief and incidentally has the competence to hear and decide requests for interlocutory orders under section 7’s clause (a) of subsection (1) of the Family Courts Act, 1984.

P Madhavan Nair vs K Ravindran Unni, AIR 1993 Karn 203

If a civil court had made an order under the Hindu Marriage Act of 1955, and further changes are desired, they must be made by the civil court itself. In this situation, the Guardians and Wards Act of 1890 does not give the Family Court the authority to consider petitions.

Section 8

Javeeda Sherieff vs Mohd Hafeez, II (1993) DMC (Kant.) 157

The primary objective of granting authority to the Family Court for matters specified in section 7 of the Family Courts Act, 1984, is to eliminate the jurisdiction of civil courts once the Act takes effect. It has been established that as per section 8 of the Family Courts Act, 1984, all ongoing processes should be considered as pending cases and automatically transferred under the statutory framework.

Section 9

MP Gangadharan and Another vs State of Kerala and Others, 2007 (1) ALD 25 (SC)

The family counsellors must have a space of their own in Family Court. There must be enough room for conciliation.

Section 10

C Rajeswari Devi vs Sri Karegowda, II (2001) DMC (Kant.) 158

It was decided that a Family Court order granting an unconstitutional temporary relief may be subject to judicial review.

Major Raja P Singh vs Surendra Kumari, I (1993) DMC (Raj.) 285

In the ordinary course of law, the decision in such a case would take years to achieve the finality of the matter if the acceptance or rejection of an amendment application would be regarded as the case determined for this act and is appealable. As a result, accepting or rejecting an amendment was considered an interim ruling for which section 19 of the Family Courts Act, 1984, did not provide for an appeal.

Section 13

Komal S Padukone vs Principal Judge, Family Court, AIR 1999 Bang. 427

The Family Court should not deny the opposite side’s request to be represented by counsel if one side has been granted permission.

Moideen Bava Manchesra Banot vs Shahida, AIR 2006 Ker. 362

The impugned order, which denied the appellant’s request for permission to hire counsel, was an interlocutory order as defined by section 19(1) of the Family Courts Act, 1984. Hence, no appeal could be filed by section 19 of the Act.

Section 14

Manohar Lal Agarwal vs Santosh and Others, II (1993) DMC (Raj.) 202

To better comprehend the nature of the conflict and to attempt to mediate between the parties, the judge of a Family Court is permitted to call witnesses, even grown children. It is improper for the Family Court judge to entrust every submission to the parties, who may not be familiar with the court process.

Section 16

Thomas vs Lucy, II (1994) DMC (Kant) 49

Although not formal procedures, accusations of adultery and divorce are serious affairs with important implications. Affidavit evidence is not acceptable in certain situations in place of parole proof. After the Family Court ruled, the case was returned to it.

Section 17

Vishwas Narahari Sahastrabudhe vs Varda Vishwas Sahastrabudhe, AIR 2006 Bom. 286

As per section 17 of The Family Courts Act, 1984, the expression “judgment” would also include a decree.

Section 18

Jose Kutty Joseph vs Aniamma Thomas, AIR 2006 Ker. 337

When a civil court order was made before the passing of the Family Courts Act, 1984, the order must be carried out by CPC Order 21 Rule 10 by the court that made the order.

Section 19

Prem Singh vs Smt. Madhu Bala, 1995 AIHC 6149 Raj

It was decided that the revision in question should have been submitted under section 19(4) of the Family Courts Act, 1984, when a revision petition was filed under section 397 CrPC against the Family Court’s order.

Geeta Krishnaraj Merchant vs Krishnaraj S Merchant, II (1993) DMC (Bom.) 515

When the wife’s plea to have the ex-parte decree set aside would be unsuccessful as a result of the appeal being dismissed, the withdrawal of the appeal was permitted to avoid such unfavourable outcomes.

Sections 21 to 23

Saleem Advocate Bar Association vs UOI, AIR 2005 SC 3353

It was decided that the ADR Rules should be used in addition to the Family Courts Act’s sections 21 to 23 and 10 Rules for Family Court cases referred to ADR under section 89 CPC (Inserted by Act 46 of 1999, sec 7 (w.e.f. 1-7-2002). Earlier section 89 relating to arbitration was repealed by Act 10 of 1940, sec 49 and Sch II).

Additionally, section 89 of CPC was added to attempt and ensure that not every matter brought in court must be adjudicated by the court itself. It is now essential that recourse be taken to an alternative dispute resolution mechanism to get a dispute between the parties at an early date, considering the rules, delays, and restricted number of Judges accessible.

By section 89, the alternative dispute resolution (ADR) mechanism consists of mediation, arbitration, conciliation, or judicial resolution, including settlement through Lok Adalat.

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Dinesh Verma
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