The remedy is nothing but a relief available to the person against whom any wrong has been committed. And such relief is given by the accused party.
A tort can be committed against an individual or his property. Certain torts take place even if a person does not have an intention to commit them. Example – Nuisance.
Rylands and Fletcher lived in a neighbourhood.
Rylands had mines in his land, while Fletcher had a mill on his land.
Fletcher required a huge amount of energy to run the mill, so he decided to construct a reservoir.
To construct the reservoir, independent contractors and engineers were appointed by Fletcher.
No attention was paid to mine shafts while constructing the reservoir.
A tort is not a crime. It is a civil wrong.
The word ‘tort’ is derived from the Latin word ‘tortum’ which means ‘to twist’. It, therefore, includes those acts which are not straight or lawful but are crooked or twisted. In English, it means ‘wrong’.
Law of tort has its origin in the common law of England. This branch of law consists of various ‘torts’ or wrongful acts whereby the wrongdoer violates some legal right vested in another person.