Rioting is given under Section 146 of IPC.
Affray is given under Section 159 of IPC.

There must be an unlawful assembly.
The accused must be a member of such unlawful assembly.
Force or violence must be used by such unlawful assembly or by any member of such assembly.KEEP READING

Important Sections of IPC

Section 1 – Title and extent of operation of the Code.
Section 2 – Punishment of offences committed within India.
Section 3 – Punishment of offences committed beyond but which by law may be tried within India.
Section 4 – Extension of Code to extra-territorial offences.
Section 8 – Gender.
Section 11 – Person.KEEP READING


Cruelty by Husband or Relatives of Husband

498A. Husband or relative of husband of a woman subjecting her to cruelty.

Whoever, being the husband or the relative of the husband of a woman, subjects such woman to cruelty shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and shall also be liable to fine.

For the purpose of this section, “cruelty” means-KEEP READING



Section 499 – Defamation.
Section 500 – Punishment for defamation.
Section 501 – Printing or engraving matter known to be defamatory.
Section 502 – Sale of printed or engraved substance containing defamatory matter.

Whoever, by words either spoken or intended to be read, or by signs or by visible representations, makes or publishes any imputation concerning any person intending to harm, or knowing or having reason to believe that such imputation will harm, the reputation of such person, is said, except in the cases hereinafter expected, to defame that person.KEEP READING


Criminal Intimidation, Insult And Annoyance

Section 503 – Criminal intimidation.
Section 504 – Intentional insult with intent to provoke breach of the peace.
Section 505 – Statements conducing to public mischief.
Section 506 – Punishment for criminal intimidation.
Section 507 – Criminal intimidation by an anonymous communication.
Section 508 – Act caused by inducing person to believe that he will be rendered an object of the Divine displeasure.
Section 509 – Word, gesture or act intended to insult the modesty of a woman.
Section 510 – Misconduct in public by a drunken person.KEEP READING


Attempts To Commit Offences

511. Punishment for attempting to commit offences punishable with imprisonment for life or other imprisonment.

Whoever attempts to commit an offence punishable by this Code with imprisonment for life or imprisonment, or to cause such an offence to be committed, and in such attempt does any act towards the commission of the offence, shall, where no express provision is made by this Code for the punishment of such attempt…KEEP READING


Here is a great and very helpful PDF for the Indian Penal Code made by WritingLaw.

You can use the Section Index box and read that section quickly in your phone browser without having to scroll through 570 pages of this PDF!

Right of Private Defence

In a general sense, defence means to protect from something. The right of private defence under the Indian Penal Code is a defence which a person exercises to protect one’s or other’s body and property.

The defence is available as a shield to protect and not to commute offence in the name of defence. This right is available to a person only when he has no other option than protecting himself or herself. It is not an absolute right. It also has some restrictions and limitations.KEEP READING

Section 53 IPC. Punishment. The punishments to which offenders are liable under the provisions of this Code are- First – Death; Secondly – Imprisonment for life; Thirdly [Omitted by Act 17 of 1949] Fourthly – Imprisonment, which is of two descriptions, namely- (1) Rigorous, that is, with hard labour; (2) Simple; Fifthly – ForfeitureKEEP READING

What is Crime and its Essential Elements - Indian Penal Code (IPC)

An action committed or omitted, which constitutes an offence and is punishable by law is a crime. Crime is an unlawful act that is forbidden and punished by the State or the law. In other words, anything which is injurious to public welfare is a crime.

Generally speaking, crime is human conduct which the society generally disapproves. But in the modern sense, crime is any act that is prohibited by the penal law in force, and the result of this is punishment.KEEP READING

Section 307 IPC. Attempt to murder. Whoever does any act with such intention or knowledge, and under such circumstances that, if he by that act caused death, he would be guilty of murder, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years,KEEP READING

Section 211 of the Indian Penal Code – False charge of offence made with intent to injure Whoever, with intent to cause injury to any person, institutes or causes to be instituted any criminal proceeding against that person, or falsely charges any person with having committed an offence, knowing thatKEEP READING