Section 1 – Title and extent of operation of the Code.
Section 2 – Punishment of offences committed within India.
Section 3 – Punishment of offences committed beyond but which by law may be tried within India.
Section 4 – Extension of Code to extra-territorial offences.
Section 8 – Gender.
Section 11 – Person.
Here are all the important sections of Specific Relief Act:
Section 1 – Short title, extent and commencement.
Section 2 – Definitions.
Section 5 – Recovery of specific immovable property.
Section 6 – Suit by person dispossessed of immovable property.
Section 7 – Recovery of specific movable property.
Section 9 – Defences respecting suits for relief based on contract.
Section 3 – Interpretation Clause.
Section 4 – May Presume.
Section 5 – Evidence may be given of facts in issue and relevant facts.
Section 6 – Relevancy of facts forming part of same transaction.
Section 7 – Facts which are occasion, cause or effect of facts in issue.
Section 8 – Motive preparation and previous or subsequent conduct.
Article 2 – Admission or establishment of new States.
Article 3 – Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States.
Article 5 – Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution.
Article 10 – Continuance of the rights of citizenship.
Article 11 – Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law.
Article 12 – Definition. (Fundamental Rights)
Article 13 – Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights.
1. A child born within six months after the marriage – the child is Illegitimate unless the father acknowledges the child.
2. A child born after six months from the date of marriage is presumed to be legitimate.
3. A child born after dissolution of marriage is legitimate-
a. Under Shia Law if born within 10 months.
b. Under Hanafi Law if born within 2 years.
c. Under Shefai and Maliki if born within 4 years.
1. A trial is always for an offence. An inquiry does not necessarily relate to only offences.
2. A trial ends in acquittal or conviction of an accused. An inquiry into a offence never ends in a conviction or acquittal.
3. Trial is the examination and determination of cause by a judicial tribunal. Inquiry includes every inquiry other than a trial conducted by magistrate or court.
1. An investigation is made by a police officer or by some person authorised by a magistrate. Inquiry is made by magistrate or court. Investigation is never made by magistrate or court.
2. The object of an investigation is to collect evidence for the prosecution of the case. The object of inquiry is to determine the truth or false of certain facts with a view to take in further action…
According to section 265C of CrPC, in working out a mutually satisfactory disposition, the court shall follow the following procedure.
When a case is instituted on a police report, the court shall issue notice to the public prosecutor, the P.O/I.O (police officer/investigating officer) who has investigated the case, the accused and the victim of the case to participate in the meeting to work our a satisfactory disposition of the case.
1. Offence where punishment is not more than 7 years.
2. The offence which are not against the women and children.
3. The offence which does not affect the socio-economic condition of the country.
The central government has determined the offences which are affecting the socio economic condition of country-
Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961
According to section 265B, a person who is as accused of an offence may file an application for plea bargaining in the court in which such offence is pending for trial.
The application will contain a brief description of the case and shall be accompanied by an affidavit. After receiving the application the court shall issue notice to the public prosecutor or the complainant of the case as the case may be and to the accused to appear on date fixed for the case…
Cryptic (mysterious, confusing, mystifying, perplexing, puzzling, obscure) and ambiguous (open to debate/argument, arguable, debatable; obscure, unclear, imprecise, vague, abstruse, doubtful, dubious, uncertain) telephone message which do not clearly specify a cognizable offence cannot be treated as FIR.
But where there is proper information about the commission of a cognizable offence and is reduced in writing by police officer then it can be treated as FIR.