Certain nomenclatures are followed in daily life during the filing of cases in court. Advocates and students need to remember these for easy facilitation in filing cases. The wrong mention of nomenclature in the petition or pleading will give rise to defects and unnecessary delay. Below are the general nomenclatures followed by various courts in the Indian Jurisdiction.
1. Misc. Case: There are a variety of cases filed with the court that are assigned a miscellaneous case number because they don’t fit into the nomenclature available to the court.
2. ABLPL: ABLPL refers to Anticipatory Bail Application. All anticipatory bail applications apprehending arrest is filed under this head.
3. BLAPL: BLAPL refers to Bail Applications. All bail applications are filed under this head where the accused is in custody.
4. CC or 1CC: CC or 1CC stands for Complaint Cases. Such cases are filed before the Magistrate for taking cognizance of offences when the Police fail to register the FIR.
5. CMP: CMP stands for Civil Miscellaneous Petition. Any case which is civil in nature and doesn’t fit into the nomenclature list available with the court can be filed under CMP nomenclature.
6. CP: CP stands for Civil Petition. Any case which is civil in nature can be filed under CP nomenclature. An example includes a declaration of void marriage under the Hindu Marriage Act that can be filed before the Family Court.
7. Crl. A: Crl. A stands for Criminal Appeal. Any criminal case where an appeal lies to a higher court can be filed under this nomenclature.
8. CRR or Cr. R: CRR or Cr. R stands for Criminal Revision. All types of criminal revisions can be filed under this nomenclature.
9. CS: CS stands for Civil Suit. Any property related dispute can be filed under this nomenclature.
10. EXP or EC: EXP or EC stands for Execution Petition. All types of cases related to execution post judgement are filed under this nomenclature.
11. FAO: FAO stands for First Appealable Order or First Appeals from Orders. Before the final decision of a lawsuit, certain orders were passed by the court. An appeal lies from such orders to a higher court under section 104 of the Code of Civil Procedure (CPC) and Order 43, Rule 1 of CPC. Such appeals are referred to as Miscellaneous Appeals in the District Courts and First Appeals from Orders in the High Courts.
12. IA: IA stands for Interlocutory Application. It refers to an application other than a process for the execution of a decree or order. In other words, it refers to an application to the court in any suit, appeal, or proceeding already instituted in such court.
13. ITA: ITA stands for Income Tax Appeals. All appeals related to income tax cases can be filed under this category.
14. ITC: ITC refers to Income Tax Cases. Any cases related to Income Tax can be filed under this nomenclature.
15. ITR: ITR refers to Income Tax Reference Cases. All types of Income Tax Reference cases can be filed under this nomenclature.
16. JCRLA: JCRLA refers to Jail Criminal Appeals. While in jail, the appellant may present his appeal petition and the copies that accompany it to the jail officer, who will then forward them to the appropriate Appellate Court.
17. LAA: LAA stands for Land Acquisition Act. All types of land acquisition cases are filed under this head.
18. MACA: MACA refers to Motor Accident Appeals. All types of motor accident appeals are filed under this category.
19. MACT: MACT stands for Motor Accident Claims Tribunal. Such cases refer to claims arising out of motor vehicle accidents.
20. MATREF: MATREF refers to Matrimonial Reference Cases. All types of cases requiring reference in matrimonial matters are filed under this category.
21. PBT: PBT refers to Probate Cases. All cases of Will Probate are filed under this category. The copy of a Will certified under the seal of a court of competent jurisdiction, along with a grant of administration to the testator’s estate, is referred to as probate.
22. RFA: RFA stands for Regular First Appeal. A regular first appeal lies to the High Court against the District Judge’s decree or award, which is enforceable.
23. RSA: RSA refers to Regular Second Appeal. In other words, it refers to a second appeal from judgement and decree.
24. SAO: It refers to Second Appeals from appellate orders or Second Appealable Order. Generally, where the case involves a substantial question of law are filed under this category.
25. SCLP: SCLP means Supreme Court Leave Petition. All types of petitions praying for leave to the Supreme Court are filed under this nomenclature.
26. TRP(C): TRP(C) stands for Transfer Petition in Civil Cases. The Hon’ble Supreme Court has the authority under section 25 of the Code of Civil Procedure to transfer any case, appeal, or other processes from a High Court or other civil court in one state to another state.
27. TRP(Crl.): TRP(Crl.) stands for Transfer Petition in Criminal Cases. The Supreme Court has the power to transfer criminal cases and appeals pending in one High Court to another High Court. Or from a criminal court subordinate to one High Court to another criminal court of equal or superior jurisdiction subordinate to another High Court under section 406 of the Code of Criminal Procedure.
28. TS: TS stands for Title Suit. Such cases are filed to establish an individual’s entitlement to real property ownership against one or more opposing claimants. A lawsuit to establish ownership of real property is known as an action to quiet title (land and buildings affixed to land).
29. WP(C): WP(C) stands for Writ Petition Civil. Any writ which is civil in nature can be filed under this nomenclature.
30. WP(Crl.): WP(Crl.) stands for Writ Petition Criminal. Any writ other than civil writs can be filed under this nomenclature.
31. WA: WA stands for Writ Appeal. Any writ which a single bench has decided can be appealed before the division bench. Such cases can be filed under this nomenclature.