Legal consequences of sexual harassment at the workplace

Section 354A of the Indian Penal Code, 1860, deals with punishment for sexual harassment, wherein the accused can be punished with rigorous imprisonment for up to three years or a fine or both.

Also, if a man makes sexually coloured remarks, like passing vulgar comments or asking inappropriate questions, in that case, he shall be punished with imprisonment up to one year or fine or both.KEEP READING

What is Zero FIR in India

Zero FIR can be filed in any police station irrespective of where the incident occurs. The informant or the victim can reach the nearest police station and file an FIR.

It is like an ordinary FIR filed under section 154 of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973. But this complaint is registered with serial number 0 (zero).KEEP READING

Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961

Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 (Act number 28 of 1961) An Act to prohibit the giving or taking of dowry. Be it enacted by Parliament in the Twelfth Year of the Republic of India as follows:- Section 1. Short title, extent and commencement. Section 2. Definition of “dowry”. Section 3. PenaltyKEEP READING

Protections Given To Accused Under Indian Laws

Basic rights of the human being such as the right to life and personal liberty, right to live life with dignity etc., are guaranteed to each individual by our Constitution. Apart from this, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights sets out fundamental human rights which are universally protected.

Indian legal system follows the principle of ‘innocent until proven guilty’. The court shall think an accused person is innocent until he is proved guilty.KEEP READING

Accident as a General Exception - Section 80 IPC

An accident is a sudden unintended act or an act by chance without any apparent cause. It is considered a defence under criminal law. The principle revolves around the theory that when a person does not have mens rea, which is an essential element of a crime, he can’t be held liable for such an act.

Section 105 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 says that if a person alleges that his act was an accident and not a crime with the intention, then the burden of proof lies upon him to establish that his case falls under a general exception, namely accident as per section 80 of the Indian Penal Code.KEEP READING

National Commission for Women - Formation, Composition, Functions, Powers, Shortcomings, Case Law

As India traditionally being a patriarchal society, women are often looked down upon. Women neither belong to the minority class nor the backward class.

There was a need with the passage of time for the formation of the statutory body for which a bill was introduced in the Parliament, namely the National Commission for Women Bill 1990, which resulted in the formation of the National Commission for Women.KEEP READING

ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION ACT

ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION ACT, 1986 BARE ACT An Act to provide for the protection and improvement of environment and for matters connected there with: WHEREAS the decisions were taken at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment held at Stockholm in June, 1972, in which India participated, to take appropriateKEEP READING

Cyber Crime and Hacking

CYBER CRIME IS A SERIOUS ISSUE! We live in the Age of Information where the effect of the internet is intense, particularly with the growth of social media like Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, Youtube and so on. These Social networking websites allow users to access information about one’s interests, opinions, realKEEP READING