What are the Legal Protections Available to an Accused

Along with the rights granted to the accused, some legal protection is available as well. Protection to the accused is provided with a view of human dignity that is given to every citizen. This short law note states the legal protection that is available to an accused under a criminal trial. And, these can be stated as:

1. Doctrine of double jeopardy.
2. Presumption of innocence.
3. Doctrine of self-incrimination.KEEP READING

List of Important Sections of CrPC

Section 2 – Definitions.
Section 6 – Classes of Criminal Courts.
Section 9 – Court of Session.
Section 10 – Subordination of Assistant Sessions Judges.
Section 11 – Courts of Judicial Magistrates.
Section 12 – Chief Judicial Magistrate and Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate, etc.KEEP READING

Inherent Powers of the High Courts

Inherent Powers are those powers that are not mentioned anywhere in the code. Inherent power or the inherent jurisdiction of the High Court may be exercised in a proper case either to prevent the abuse of the process of any court or to secure the ends of justice. These powers of the High Court should be used only in exceptional cases.

In the following cases, the inherent power of the High Court could be exercised to quash the proceedings-KEEP READING

What is Inter-State Arrest and its Guidelines

The guidelines are as follows:
1. The police officer must take the prior written permission of the superior officer to go out of the state or union territory to carry out the investigation. He can take permission on the phone only in case of urgencies.

2. In cases where the police officer decides to arrest an accused in another state, he must write facts and reasons so as to satisfy why the arrest is necessary. The police officer must attempt to get an arrest or search warrant from the magistrate having jurisdiction.KEEP READING

Maintenance under CrPC

According to section 125 of CrPC, a person having sufficient means is bound to maintain:-
I. His Wife (unable to maintain herself).
II. His legitimate or illegitimate minor child, whether married or not (unable to maintain himself/herself).
III. His legitimate or illegitimate child (not a married daughter) who has attained majority, if the child is physically or mentally abnormal or having any injury by which he/she is unable to maintain himself/herself.
IV. His father or mother (unable to maintain himself/herself)KEEP READING

FIR and Charge Sheet under Criminal Procedure Code

When any informant informs the police about any crime that has occurred, the police, after analysing the case is a cognizable one, registers the FIR and proceeds for investigation, arrests etc. After the investigation is over, the police submit a report to the court called a charge sheet, which forms the basis for the criminal trial.

Now that you understand the definition, let us learn more about FIR and charge sheet under the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973.KEEP READING

Section 154 CrPC Information in Cognizable Cases

No statutory regulations have been provided in the Criminal Procedure Code to determine the nature of an offence as a cognizable or non-cognizable one. However, the code under Schedule I categorises certain offences as cognizable and non-cognizable ones.

Cognizable crimes are heinous in nature which embraces offences like rape, murder, theft, waging war etc. In cognizable cases, the information is given to the nearest police station, which registers the FIR and starts the investigation.KEEP READING

Trial of Summons Cases Explained

The trial of summons case has been dealt with under Chapter 20 of the Criminal Procedure Code from section 251 to 259. According to section 2(w) of CrPC, summons cases are those cases that are not warrant cases. Summons cases are punishable with a fine or imprisonment of less than two years. Summons cases are triable only by Magistrate.

Under summons cases, it is not necessary to frame the charge in writing, stating the substance of the offence to the accused is enough. The particulars of the offence of which the person is accused are stated to him.KEEP READING